Các chủ đề quen thuộc luyện bài thi nói b1,b2


  1. Foreign language study (Học ngoại ngữ)

1.1. Từ vựng và cấu trúc

– Từ đồng nghĩa: learn a foreign language, study another language, speak a foreign language,

communicate in another language,

benefits of learning foreign languages: (Lợi ích của việc học ngoại ngữ)

+ improve job prospects: cải thiện triển vọng nghề nghiệp

+ open the door to better job opportunities: mở cánh cửa tới các cơ hội nghề nghiệp tốt hơn

+ provide a better understanding of that country (biết nhiều hơn về quốc gia đó): become more aware of

culture, customs, traditions and society. (nhận thức rõ hơn về văn hóa, phong tục, truyền thống, xã hội)

+ help us to become a global citizen (Trở thành công dân toàn cầu):

o easily communicate with people from all over the world (dễ dàng giao tiếp với mọi người trên toàn thế giới)

 break down language barriers (xóa bỏ rào cảo ngôn ngữ)

 foster connections

(thúc đẩy liên kết)

o work and do business with people worldwide without interpreters. (làm việc và kinh doanh với

người dân toàn cầu mà không cần phiên dịch viên)

+ Broaden knowledge/horizon (Mở rộng kiến thức/tầm nhìn): English is the dominant language of

technology, science and innovation/ many books are written in English.

Ways to study foreign languages (cách học ngoại ngữ)

+ do/take a language course at a language center (học tại trung tâm ngôn ngữ)

+ take online classes (học online)

+ listen to favorite English songs (Nghe bài hát bằng tiếng Anh)

+ watch English movies without subtitles (Xem phim tiếng Anh không phụ đề)

+ read news in English (đọc tin tức bằng tiếng Anh)

+ practise speaking with a native speaker (luyện nói với người bản ngữ)

+ join an English club (tham gia câu lạc bộ tiếng Anh)

– Difficulties in learning foreign languages (Khó khăn khi học ngoại ngữ)

+ differences between the mother tongue and the foreign language (sự khác biệt giữa tiếng mẹ đẻ và

ngoại ngữ)

o writing system (hệ thống chữ viết) (Vietnamese and Chinese)


Vietnamese and Chinese have totally different writing systems, which makes it challenging for

Vietnamese learners to write Chinese.

o Phonetic systems (hệ thống âm vị): many sounds do not exist in the mother tongue, causing a lot

of difficulties for learners.

o Vocabulary: numerous words/phrases  difficult to remember

o Grammatical structures

+ fear of making mistakes (lo sợ mắc lỗi )  feel daunted to speak, especially with a native speaker

+ time and effort to become proficient (thời gian và nỗ lực để có thể thành thạo 1 ngoại ngữ): learning a

new language requires consistent practice and dedication, which can be difficult to maintain alongside

with other commitments.

1.2. Câu hỏi luyện tập

Part 1:

English learning

– Why is English important?

– What are your difficulties when learning English?

– What should you do to improve your English?

Suggested answers:

Why is English important?

+ English plays an important role nowadays because of some reasons.

+ First and foremost, English has become the global second language. In other words, it’s widely used all over the world.

+ Moreover, English is the dominant language of technology, science and international business.

Therefore, the ability to speak English is an essential skill in the modern world.

– What are your difficulties when learning English?

 I find it challenging to study English.

 One of the difficulties I face in learning English is pronunciation because it has a great number of sounds that don’t exist

in my mother tongue.

 Additionally, English has many irregular spellings and rules, which makes it difficult to spell English words correctly.

What should you do to improve your English?

There are some ways for me to enhance my English.

One of the most effective ways is to practise speaking with native English speakers or exchange language partners. This

can help to improve my pronunciation and use slang and idioms in context.

Another way is to listen to English-language media such as podcasts, TV shows, movies or music. This will give me a

chance to get familiar with the sounds and rhythms of the language.

Foreign language learning

– Do you think that everyone should learn at least one foreign language?

– In your opinion, at what age should children start learning foreign languages?

– What are some difficulties when learning a foreign language?

Part 2:

Situation: You want to improve your English speaking skills. There are three possible choices: taking an English

course at a centre, joining an English club and talking to foreigners in public places. Which do you think is the

best choice for you? Why?

  1. Holiday/Travel (Du lịch/Kì nghỉ)

2.1. Từ vựng/Cấu trúc

Holiday accommodation (nơi ở)

o Hotel

o Homestay

o Guesthouse (Nhà khách)

o Hostel (Kí túc xá)

o B&B accommodation (bed-breakfast)/ half-board/ full-board/ self-catering

o Tent (lều)/campsite (khu cắm trại)

– Tính từ miêu tả cho nơi ở:

o Large – small

o Cheap/reasonable – expensive/costly

o Old/traditional – modern

o Luxurious/ elegant (trang nhã)/ pleasant/comfortable (tiện nghi)/

Holiday activities:

o Go sightseeing (đi thăm quan) & take photos (chụp hình)

o Explore the local culture (khám phá văn hóa): visit museums/ galleries/ historical sites

o Taste local food/ enjoy local cuisine (thưởng thực ẩm thực):

o Meet/ Interact with local people (Gặp gỡ/ tiếp xúc với người dân địa phương)

o Do water sports (Chơi các môn thể thao dưới nước): swimming/diving/ jet skiing/ parasailing/kayaking/


o Unwind (relax) = enjoy yourself

o Go trekking/ hiking (đi bộ đường dài & leo núi)

o Buy souvenirs (mua đồ lưu niệm)

Benefits of travelling/holidays (lợi ích của du lịch/kì nghỉ)

o Improve your mental health (Cải thiện sức khỏe tinh thần)

+ release stress from home/work/study: giải tỏa căng thẳng từ việc nhà/công việc/học tập

+ immerse yourself into new surroundings : Đắm mình vào không gian mới

+ refresh your mind: Thư giãn đầu óc

+ boost your mood: Cải thiện tâm trạng


o Gain/accumulate experiences (Tích lũy kinh nghiệm)

+experience things that you never encounter at home: Trải nghiệm những việc chưa bao giờ gặp ở nhà

+ explore local culture, meet local people  broaden your mind/horizon

+ cope with unfamilar situations and problems : đối phó với tình huống và vấn đề mới lạ

o Discover yourself (Khám phá bản thân)

+ step out of your comfort zone: ra khỏi phạm vi an toàn

+ have opportunities to do new things  gain invaluable knowledge and experiences (có được kiến thức

và kinh nghiệm vô giá)

+ adapt to new environments (thích nghi với môi trường mới), try new things  understand more about

yourself/ discover new interests.

o Improve your job and education opportunities

+ Exploring new places can teach you communication skills and cultural understanding  valuable to a

future employer in our glolalized world.

2.2. Câu hỏi luyện tập

Part 1:


– What are popular places for visitors in your country?

– Can you describe one popular place?

– What are the benefits of going sightseeing?

Favourite landscapes:

Where is your favourite landscape?

– When did you go there?

– What did you do there?

Your favorite beach

– What is your favourite beach in your country?

– How oŌ en do you go there?

– What do you oŌ en do when you go there?

Part 2:

SituaƟ on 1:

A group of students is going to visit Danang. They are considering three types of accommodaƟ on: a hotel, a

homestay, and a self-catering house. Which do you think would be the best choice for them? Why?

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